Birds of Bahrain

“What does Bahrain have to do anything with birds?”, you can ask. And you are mostly not mistaken. It is an island nation in the Middle East, meaning it would be completely a desert or aleast arid, it rarely if at all gets mentioned in birding blogs and one would most likely not have ever met a Bahraini birder. This is the same impression that I had about Bahrain.

And why would I be thinking of Bahrain!? Well I got to know that I was going to be deputed to the island nation for a period of around 4 months on work during 2015. Me being me, I was obviously interested in finding out the prospects of birding there. So there I was, researching on the possible birds found in Bahrain, the birding sites and birding groups based there. What I found did not look encouraging, well not entirely. Though there were references to the possible species that are found in Bahrain, there was hardly any details on the birding sites and absolutely no mention of any birding groups based in Bahrain. Hmmm! It was not going to be easy birding there. But boy-oh-boy, what a satisfying stint I had as far as birding was concerned!

Birding is not easy there. Though Bahrain is not a very large island you still need to know where the usual birding spots are. I will cover this part along with some of the birds seen, based on my experience, in this blog. It certainly becomes easier if you have a local birder to take you around. In this I was lucky to become acquainted with Dr. Ajay Kumar Singh (Ajay) during my stay in Bahrain. He has been based in Bahrain for several years and is passionate about wildlife and nature photography. In him I found the perfect companion to go birding with (and hopefully he also found a good companion in me 🙂 ).

We went birding on almost all days off (weekend and public holidays). I found that the best way to do birding in Bahrain at most of the spots is while being in the car. This is true for all spots other than those where there is no access road for the car to go in. You basically drive by in your car with your windows rolled down and stop when you spot something interesting. The birds are less easily spooked this way, allowing you to approach them much closer than if you were walking towards them.

Bahrain being an island is a great place to observe waders and shorebirds. And being there during the yearly migration period is great timing. Lots of them use Bahrain as a stopover during their yearly migration. And many of the individuals may still be retaining some of their breeding plumages. I was certainly lucky to be there then. So here are the most promising birding spots in Bahrain based on where I went.

Busaiteen Beach

This is the most “happening” place during migration. This was almost always one of our spots during the weekend trips. The coastline here is pretty long. So travelling in a vehicle is possibly the only way to do this. If you were to walk it would be just too exhausting given the blazing sun and the humidity.

Busaiteen beach is the best place to the Socotra Cormorants. Look out for them drying themselves on the rocky beach bank area. They generally will allow one to approach them quite close.

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Socotra Cormorant

During migration season seeing a scene like below is not unusual; migrants galore!

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Migrating Waders

Visiting the beach over several weeks will yield various species. They include the Grey Plover, Curlew Sandpiper, Dunlin, Little Stint, Common Ringed Plover, Eurasian Curlew, Whimbrel, Greater Sand Plover and the Lesser Sand Plover.

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Grey Plover
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Curlew Sandpipers
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Dunlin
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Little Stint
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Common Ringed Plover
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Eurasian Curlew
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Whimbrel
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Greater Sand Plover
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Lesser Sand Plover

Then of course you get the terns and gulls. There also come in good numbers. Here is a view of part of a flock that took off when we approached them.

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Flying terns

I got to see White-cheeked Terns, Caspian TernsLesser Crested Terns, Little Terns and Gull-billed Terns.

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White-cheeked Tern
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Caspian Terns
Lesser Crested Tern
Lesser Crested Tern
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Gull-billed Tern

The gulls I saw were the Heuglin’s Gull and the Slender-billed Gull. And come in plenty they do!

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Heuglin’s Gull
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Slender-billed Gulls

Be on the lookout. One may also see an Osprey. They usually nest on the nearby islands and make sorties to the mainland to fish many-a-time.

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Osprey

This beach is also a great place to catch the migratory Wheatears. I got to see Isabelline Wheatear, Desert Wheater and the Pied Wheater. They seemed to have their own earmarked areas on this long beach.

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Isabelline Wheatear
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Desert Wheatear
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Pied Wheater

Bahrain Fort

This was actually the first spot that I went to for birding in Bahrain. As the name suggests the Bahrain Fort historical site and the associated museum is located here. It just so happens that there is good stretch of beach just beside it. It is a good place to see waders and shore birds. Along with many of the waders mentioned above I also got to see Terek Sandpipers, Ruddy Turnstones, Spotted Redshanks and Common Redshanks in good numbers.

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Terek Sandpiper
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Ruddy Turnstone
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Spotted Redshank

Another bird that was prevalent is the Western Reef Egret.

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Western Reef Egret

This area also has an agricultural farm nearby. Though I could not go inside the farm to bird I birded the area around its wall. I got good views of the Crested Lark, Eurasian Collared Dove and Bahrain’s national bird, the White-eared Bulbul. These again are common birds around Bahrain.

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Crested Lark
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Eurasian Collared Dove
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White-eared Bulbul

Eker Creek

This is a fantastic birding spot, especially during low tide. The waders and shore birds come in large numbers to feed on the exposed mud flats at low tide. One can also find the “locals” collecting mussels in these times.

The Greater Flamingos come in large flocks in this area. During the low to mid tide they also come quite close to the bank. It is a great place to observe them, both the adults and the immature.

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Greater Flamingo (Immature)

It is here that I got to see my first Eurasian Oystercatchers

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Eurasian Oystercatchers

and my first Broad-billed Sandpipers.

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Broad-billed Sandpiper

It is also a great place to get photographs with reflections, especially when the water is still.

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Black-winged Stilt
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Dunlin

If one wants to get diving shots of the Little Terns as well as gulls then this is place to be. The Bar-tailed Godwits also seemed more tolerant here to human presence on the bank. But obviously the trick is to sit still and let the birds get used to your presence.

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Bar-tailed Godwit

At low tides in the evening you can also get to see territorial fights of the Little Egrets as well as the Western Reef Egrets.

Arad Bay

This place was a real surprise for me. It is covered on all sides by human settlements that includes fancy hotels, restaurants and jogging/walking path. But still this place is teaming with activity especially during low tide. This is where I got my best and closest view of the Greater Flamingos.

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Greater Flamingo

Flamingos have an unique way of feeding (filter feeders). Have a look at the video towards end of blog to see them in action. You may also get to see the Great Cormorant fishing.

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Great Cormorant

It is amazing how adept they are at it. When we visited there were several Little Terns flying around and diving to catch fish. Most of their dives were unsuccessful. Then comes one Great Cormorant and within a 3 – 5 minutes catches a fish! It is interesting how they toss the fish around before they finally swallow it. Have a look at the video at towards the end of the blog to see this.

Bahair Pool

This is the last remaining freshwater body in Bahrain.  I believe it is slowly shrinking over the years. But is still worth a visit. You are likely to see a number of Black-crowned Night Heron, Grey Heron, Purple HeronLittle Grebe,  Eurasian Moorhen and Eurasian Coot. But the main attraction for me here is the Squacco Heron.

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Squacco Heron

Ajay had also got to see the Little Bittern here. However I did not. Another bird usually found here is the Glossy Ibis. It seems that they have established a breeding population in Bahrain.

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Glossy Ibis

It is worth walking around in the area. I go to see the Menetries’s Warbler here. Keep a look at the sky. I got to the Eurasian Marsh Harrier making a hunting sortie.

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Eurasian Marsh Harrier

During my walk I got to a couple of Red Avadavats and Red-vented Bulbuls. The lake also serves as a stopover point for many a migratory duck like the Garganeys. During one of the trips here I was lucky to see the White-winged Tern as well.

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White-winged Tern

Sadly there seems to be some hunting or poaching of eggs going on here. I hope it stops.

Tubli Bay

There is a place where the treated sewage is let out. This is a place that birds like given the high nutrient content that is likely to be there as far as they are concerned. It is here where I saw the maximum number of migratory ducks species. I got to see the Northern Pintail, Garganey and Northern Shoveler along with Ruff.

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Migratory Ducks

Alba Marsh

This is the marsh that is not too far from the Alba plant. It has a lot of reeds and a large grassy area. Got great view of the Common Greenshank and several Graceful Prinias.

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Common Greenshank

A Clamorous Reed Warbler also decided to give us a brief viewing during one of our stop overs. One is also likely to see some migratory Wagtails like the Western Yellow Wagtail.

Jasra

The star bird here and for me in Bahrain, is the Grey Hypocolius. It is a migrant and is not an easy bird to see if you do not know it’s roosting site. I came to know that many birders come to Bahrain with the hope of being able to see this bird. I did not want to miss an opportunity to see this bird before I left Bahrain.

We knew it had a roosting site somewhere in Jasra. We had to make several recces around Jasra before finally getting to see them; it almost felt like reaching an oasis when travelling through the desert, figuratively speaking for a birder of course 🙂 .

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Grey Hypocolius (Male)
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Grey Hypocolius (Female)

Their roosting site is near the water treatment plan in Jasra. You have to get their before the fly off from their roosting site in the morning. Once gone it is very difficult to know where they go. It could be to any of the date farms across the region.

You can also see several other interesting birds around here. A beautiful resident is the Namaqua Dove.

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Namaqua Dove

Another bird on my wish list was the European Bee-eater. This is where I got to see it first. It was indeed a very colourful bird!

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European Bee-eater

The other not so common birds that I got were the Upcher’s Warbler, the Rufous-tailed Scrub-Robin and the vittata sub-species of the Pied Wheatear.

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Upcher’s Warbler
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Rufous-tailed Scrub Robin

We also saw the Eurasian Hoopoe in several of our visits there. It is always fascinating to see its hair-do and how it keeps poking the ground to get at some grub.

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Eurasian Hoopoe

One will also get to see or atleast hear the Grey Francolin around the place.

We also visited a farm in between Al Jasra and Hamalah. You obviously ask the permission on the owner if one can bird inside. Birding in one such place I got to see the White Wagtail and also had great views of a Spotted Flycatcher and a Graceful Prinia.

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Spotted Flycatcher
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Graceful Prinia

Ajay told me that he has also got to see Bluethroat at the farm in previous year.

Hamalah Farm

This is yet another great birding spot. Only problem is that one needs to get access to the farm rearing the cattle which is besides the Poultry Factory. Luckily for me, Ajay had the required credentials to get us access to the place. The birding area is around the patch of land where they grow grass for the cattle. The place has sprinklers spread across to water the grass. This area attracts a lot of birds. To bird one essential drive through the pathways between the grass patches and birds from the car.

We had several wonderful outings to this spot, almost every one throwing up a new entrant for me in Bahrain. My first of them was the Collared Pranticole. It was a young one that showed itself to us during our first outing there.

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Collared Pranticole

On the barbed wires of the farm fence it was not unusual to see a Southern Grey Shrike perched during the visits.

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Southern Grey Shrike

A unusual sighting however on these wires were the Indian Silverbill and a Red-billed Quelea.

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Indian Silverbill
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Red-billed Quelea

We also got to see Blue-cheeked Bee-eaters over several of our trips. They were a treat to observe!

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Blue-cheeked Bee-eater
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Blue-cheeked Bee-eater

The sprinklers at this farm are a magnet for birds. Some of birds I got to see perched on the sprinklers were the Isabelline Shrike, Common Stonechat and a Common Kestrel.

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Isabelline Shrike
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Common Stonechat
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Common Kestrel

They were also frequented by Isabelline Wheaters, Spotted Flycatchers and Crested Larks. There will be plenty of sparrow flocks around. Observe the individuals carefully. You may find the Spanish Sparrow amongst the House Sparrows.

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Spanish Sparrow

The farm was also frequented by an Eurasian Marsh Harrier. On one occasion we saw an Eurasian Sparrowhawk making a fly-by. On a couple of occasions we also saw a few individuals of the Tawny Pipit walking around.

Looking back at it all Bahrain turned out to be a GREAT destination for birding, provided you know the spots and have someone local to take you along if possible. But I guess this is true for most places 🙂 . If you get a chance to bird in Bahrain especially during migratory season do not miss it.

Here is a brief video that I have made with some of the birds seen during my stint there:

Bird Checklist

Here is the list of Birds of Bahrain as reported in Wikipedia.

Here is the list that were reported by users (including me) in eBird : Bahrain Bird List 

Recommendations and Tips

It is important to know the High and Low Tide timings. Aim for the Low tide for visits as that is when most waders and shore birds arrive at the spots to feed.

Unfortunately there is some internal strife that is going on in Bahrain (atleast when I was there). So it is important to be cautious. Local authorities tend to be sensitive given this. Always carry your passport and local ID card (if issued). The spots I have mentioned above were alright. But it is better to check the latest information at your time of travel.

Weather

It is HOT and HUMID almost throughout the year. I heard it gets milder during the “winter”. Always take a hat and drinking water.

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8 thoughts on “Birds of Bahrain

  1. Fantastic post! Wonderful to hear about your birding adventures in Bahrain, and how fortunate that you found Ajay to bird with. Excellent photos, and beautiful birds too.

    Like

    1. Yes indeed… It certainly gave me so much than what I had expected.

      Thank you for dropping by as well.

      Liked by 1 person

  2. Absolutely stunning pics. I had never thought that Bahrain has such diverse and beautiful fauna. Thanks for sharing.

    Like

    1. Thanks for your comment.

      Yes, Bahrain surprised me as as well.

      Like

  3. Visited Baharin on a very short trip. Didn’t find much of interest but your post is an eye opener. It’s like saying look beyond.

    Like

    1. Thanks for reading and commenting. Happy that it changed some perspective

      Like

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